In the event of a dispute between signatory States of the type provided for in the jurisdiction clause of a treaty, they may either bring an action against the other party or parties by making a unilateral request or conclude a special agreement with that party or parties providing that questions must be referred to the Court of Justice. The wording of these jurisdiction clauses varies from contract to contract. The Party requested to implement such a mutual legal assistance commission shall be required to do so in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement and may not refuse the execution of such requests, except in the following cases: (a) In the application of this Part, the judgment means any decision, regardless of nomenclature, taken in the exercise of judicial proceedings or jurisdiction of the courts or a competent authority of a Party. Duty to Appeal – A sum of money deposited by a person who is appealing a court decision (complainant). Attach yourself – To try a person on bail or in prison. If the judicial officer conducting a preliminary hearing finds probable grounds to believe that the accused has committed an offence, the official will engage the accused, normally by setting bail for the accused`s appearance in court. Plea Bargaining or Plea Negotiation – The trial by which an accused person and a prosecutor negotiate a decision satisfactory to both parties on a case. The Court is not aware of the negotiations themselves, but receives an agreement from Plea for approval or rejection. Judicial and extrajudicial documents and documents in civil, commercial, administrative and personal matters that are to be made public or transmitted to persons residing in either party shall be sent directly by the judicial authority or official concerned to the district court where the person to be notified resides. Contract – An agreement between two or more people that creates an obligation to do a particular thing or not to do it.
A contract must have promised or given something of value and a reasonable amount of correspondence between the parties on what the contract means. The parties must be able to conclude binding agreements. The competent judicial body of the Contracting Party, which requests recognition of the judgment, shall, as soon as it deems it necessary, order that appropriate measures be taken to confer on the judgment the same enforceable status as if it had been adopted by the requested Party. (e) if the defendant has expressly agreed to fall within the jurisdiction of the courts of that party, whether by the designation of a chosen domicile or by the agreement of such a court, unless the law of that party prohibits such an agreement. Procedures implemented by a mutual legal assistance commission in accordance with the provisions of this Agreement shall have the same legal effect as if they were conducted before the competent body of the requesting Party. . . .